Anabella Gaposchk was a 19th century artist who created photographs that appear to show celestial bodies such as nebulae and galaxies. Her images were actually made through a process of throwing white powders (sugar, baking soda) against a black background.
Alan Abel (b. 1930) is a prolific contemporary hoaxster who refers to himself as a "professional prankster". Abel is perhaps best known for his creation in the late 1950s of a fictive organization called the Society for Indecency to Naked Animals. SINA's expressed goal of clothing all animals for the sake of modesty afforded Abel a framework within which to put forward a critique of censorship. This initially light-hearted prank gained currency when it was picked up by the mass media and treated as a serious topic, making Abel an early media jammer.
Between 1974 and 1978, pioneering new media artist Lynn Hershman (now Hershman Leeson) created an elaborate alter ego for herself as Roberta Breitmore.
Richard Selesnick and Nicholas Kahn's Circular River project (1998-99) is a fictive photodocumentary purporting to tell the story of a 1944 British "Royal Excavation Corps" expedition to Siberia in search of Peter Hesselbach, a downed German glider pilot.
Beginning in 1917, two English girls, Elsie Wright (1901-88) and Frances Griffiths (1907-86), made a series of five photographs that purported to show them with real fairies. Although suspected as fakes from the outset, the controversy over their status continued for decades.