Alan Abel (b. 1930) is a prolific contemporary hoaxster who refers to himself as a "professional prankster". Abel is perhaps best known for his creation in the late 1950s of a fictive organization called the Society for Indecency to Naked Animals. SINA's expressed goal of clothing all animals for the sake of modesty afforded Abel a framework within which to put forward a critique of censorship. This initially light-hearted prank gained currency when it was picked up by the mass media and treated as a serious topic, making Abel an early media jammer.
Between 1974 and 1978, pioneering new media artist Lynn Hershman (now Hershman Leeson) created an elaborate alter ego for herself as Roberta Breitmore.
Leslie J. "Airplane" Payne (1907-1981) was an African-American artist who created an identity for himself as an aviator although he never actually learned to fly. Inspired by an air show that he had seen at the end of World War I, when he was only 11, Payne began in the 1940s to make what he called "imitations". He ultimately constructed a total of 8 small imitation airplanes out of found materials (two of which he tried, and failed, to fly).
The Hokes Archives is a project in fictive archeaology created by artist Beauvais Lyons. Lyons has created the artefacts for at least two fictional ancient near Eastern civilizations, the Apasht and the Aazudians. In addition, he creates the field notes, diagrams, and other scientific documents pertaining to archeological excavations of these civilizations. Lastly, he creates museum-style exhibitions of the artefacts and documents, often accompanied by lectures that he gives as "Dr. Lyons," director of the Hokes Archive, or his German counterpart, Heinrich Dreckmueller.