Anabella Gaposchk was a 19th century artist who created photographs that appear to show celestial bodies such as nebulae and galaxies. Her images were actually made through a process of throwing white powders (sugar, baking soda) against a black background.
"Born in the Finger Lakes region of upstate New York in the mid-1800s, O-ism's beliefs included the notion of a female deity, of time going backwards, of spiritual transience, and a prohibition on figurative art."
Ern Malley was an Australian poet and artist, the joint creation of writers James McAuley and Harold Stewart. McAuley and Stewart created Malley as a hoax aimed at editor Max Harris and his Melbourne-based modernist literary magazine Angry Peguins, which they considered pretentious.
Richard Selesnick and Nicholas Kahn's Circular River project (1998-99) is a fictive photodocumentary purporting to tell the story of a 1944 British "Royal Excavation Corps" expedition to Siberia in search of Peter Hesselbach, a downed German glider pilot.
In 1968, the Belgian artist Marcel Broodthaers created an installation in his house that he entitled the Musée de l'Art Moderne, Départment des Aigles, or Museum of Modern Art, Department of Eagles. This was a fictive entity in that the museum had neither a permanent building nor a collection; nonetheless, it was elaborated by Broodthaers in about a dozen further installations. Evidence of the museum's existence (apart from its title) ultimately encompassed specially created objects, films, and art reproductions as well as ephemera such as wall labels and signage.
The Museum of Forgery identifies itself as a "virtual institution dedicated to promoting an appreciation of the aesthetics of forgery'. Like Broodthaers's Department of Eagles, it is essentially a conceptual project masquerading as an institution to generate critique that appears to come from within the walls of authority. In the case of the Museum of Forgery, this critique revolves around questions of authenticity and ownership of art. Founded in 1990, the Museum of Forgery has no permanent building; its main public portal appears to be its website.
For a couple of years beginning in 1989, a trio of Italians made several hundred postage stamps and used them to send letters through their country's notoriously slow and inept postal service. The hand-drawn stamps tended towards the satirical and the comic: one that featured a picture of an Italian porn star called for protection of endangered species.
JGS Boggs is an artist known for making meticulously rendered drawings of currency. Instead of selling these one-sided "Boggs bucks" for money, Boggs attempts to use the art as money, in exchange for goods and services. He does not consider the artwork complete until such a transaction has taken place with one of his bills (or "notes", as he prefers to call them).
The Hokes Archives is a project in fictive archeaology created by artist Beauvais Lyons. Lyons has created the artefacts for at least two fictional ancient near Eastern civilizations, the Apasht and the Aazudians. In addition, he creates the field notes, diagrams, and other scientific documents pertaining to archeological excavations of these civilizations. Lastly, he creates museum-style exhibitions of the artefacts and documents, often accompanied by lectures that he gives as "Dr. Lyons," director of the Hokes Archive, or his German counterpart, Heinrich Dreckmueller.